17 Vietnamese noodle dishes immersing into culinary heritage

30/06/2023 thuy vy

Vietnam is a country renowned for its rich cultural heritage and distinctive culinary scene. Among the many delicious dishes widely known around the world, Vietnamese noodle dishes always hold a special place. Vietnamese noodle dishes offer a symphony of flavors that reflect the country’s history, culture, and local ingredients. In this article, we will take you on a culinary journey, uncovering the most popular Vietnamese noodle dishes and exploring the culinary heritage of this wonderful and unique country.


When exploring the world of Vietnamese noodle dishes, it is impossible not to mention Pho. Pho Vietnam is hailed as the best noodle dish in Vietnam. Pho, an iconic Vietnamese noodle dish, is a must-try for anyone visiting Vietnam. This emblematic dish has gained global recognition for its fragrant broth, tender noodles, and harmonious blend of spices.

The secret to a perfect bowl of Vietnamese Pho lies in the slow-cooked, simmering broth infused with aromatic spices such as star anise, cinnamon, and cloves. The result is a harmonious fusion of flavors that is both comforting and unforgettable. Topped with fresh herbs, bean sprouts, lime, and chili, Pho embodies a balance of flavors and textures.

Pho in the traditional way will be made from rice flour, coated into thin sheets, and then cut into fibers. To get delicious bowls of pho depends on the experience and traditional secret of the Pho cooking profession. It is all the enthusiasm and quintessence of the cook, crystallized into one of the best Vietnamese noodle dishes.

Vietnamese noodle dishes-Pho

Pho Vietnam – The best Vietnamese noodle dish loved by international friends

This Vietnam traditional food typically features thinly sliced beef or chicken and has its origins rooted in the streets of Hanoi, where it has been savored for generations. Whether enjoyed in bustling street-side eateries or upscale restaurants, Pho Vietnam is an absolute must-try dish, showcasing the essence of Vietnamese cuisine.

In the 1940s, Pho was a very popular Vietnamese noodle dish in Hanoi: “It’s an all-day snack for all kinds of people, especially civil servants and workers. People eat pho for breakfast, eat pho for lunch and eat pho in the evening….”

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Continue with one of the best Vietnamese noodle dishes coming from the capital land – Bun Cha. Bun Cha is a beloved Vietnamese dish originating from Hanoi. This dish is the most enduring gift of Hanoi. Therefore, this can be considered one of the typical specialties of Hanoi cuisine.

It represents the essence of Northern Vietnamese cuisine. Grilled pork patties, marinated with distinctive flavors from each restaurant, are served together with vermicelli noodles, fresh herbs, and flavorful fish sauce.

Vietnamese noodle dishes-Bun Cha

Bun Cha – A typical dish of Hanoi Old Quarter cuisine

The contrast between the smoky grilled meat and the refreshing raw vegetables creates an irresistible balance of simple yet harmonious flavors. Bun Cha is often enjoyed with crispy fried spring rolls, adding layers of taste to this already fascinating dish.

Dipping vermicelli, grilled meat, and fresh herbs into the slightly sweet and spicy fish sauce, one can easily savor the unique layers of flavors from the land of Hanoi. The combination of tender grilled pork, fragrant herbs, and soft chewy noodles makes this dish a popular choice among locals and tourists alike.

Bun Cha is one of the Vietnamese noodle dishes that are not only delicious but also help provide energy to work and work all day. Currently, Bun Cha is also transformed into special dishes such as bun cha wrapped in banana leaves, Bun Cha sandwiched with sticks, vermicelli with vinegar, and tamarind vinegar,…

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Heading down to Central Vietnam, we encounter Mi Quang – a hidden gem widely known among the locals and visitors. Mi Quang tantalizes the senses with its vibrant colors and unique blend of flavors. Mi Quang is one of the best Vietnamese noodle dishes, considered the “soul” dish of Da Nang and Quang Nam cuisine. Currently, Mi Quang is honored to be named in the list of 12 Vietnamese dishes recognized for their Asian culinary value.

Vietnamese noodle dishes-Mi Quang

Mi Quang – One of the Vietnamese noodle dishes is known as the jewel of Central Cuisine

The same is from soft chewy noodles made from rice flour, but Quang noodles have many different versions. These can be mentioned as chicken, meat shrimp, beef, snakehead fish, egg shrimp, or frog noodles,… And in the bowl of noodles, there is always a rich broth, fresh vegetables, and pounded roasted peanuts. small, sesame rice paper with dipping sauce, lemon, chili…

Mi Quang features thick noodles, adorned with various ingredients such as shrimp, pork, fresh herbs, peanuts, and crispy rice crackers. The distinctive aspect lies in its glossy yellow broth cooked with turmeric which enhances the rich and delightful taste of this regional delicacy. Mi Quang is a culinary treasure that represents the richness and diversity of Central Vietnamese cuisine.


The Name “Cao Lau” means delicacy food and is enjoyed on the upper floor. In other words, you can both immerse yourself in the taste of the dish and see the whole beautiful scene of Hoi An’s streets right from the top floor. It’s undeniably one of the best Vietnamese noodle dishes, it’s very meaningful and noble.

The origin of Cao Lau dates back to the 17th century. This dish comes from Chinese and Japanese merchants who frequented Hoi An port for trade. They came and brought their own culinary culture, gradually creating conditions for the history of Cao Lau to be born. Therefore, Cao Lau is considered a blend of Chinese and Japanese cuisine.

After that, Cao Lau is also modified over time to suit the taste of Vietnamese people. Finally, it becomes a specialty dish of the people of Central Vietnam, especially in Quang Nam and Da Nang.

Vietnamese noodle dishes-Cao Lau

Cao Lau – The oldest dish of Hoi An ancient town that no visitor can ignore

Cao Lau is a unique noodle dish originating from the ancient town of Hoi An. Recognized by UNESCO, Cao Lau reigns as a beloved local specialty. This dish combines thick noodles with slices of char siu pork, fresh herbs, bean sprouts, and crispy rice crackers.

What sets Cao Lau apart is the special broth used to cook the noodles, which can only be sourced from the ancient well of Ba Le in Hoi An. This imparts a distinctive texture and flavor to the noodles that cannot be replicated elsewhere. This secret ingredient gives Cao Lau its unique taste, making it a must-try for any visitor to Hoi An.

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Continuing with the best Vietnamese noodle dishes, Bun Bo Hue ranks in 5th place. If you appreciate robust and spicy flavors, Bun Bo Hue is the noodle dish for you. Bun Bo Hue is a famous spicy beef noodle dish from Vietnam originating in the former imperial capital of Hue in the central region of the country.

The “soul” that makes the special dish of Hue beef noodle soup is the broth. They are simmered from beef shank bones to create a rich sweetness. In addition, Hue people also add a little fish sauce and lemongrass to the broth to make one of the best Vietnamese noodle dishes have an attractive aroma. If you value bold and intensely spicy flavors, Bun Bo Hue is a must-eat Vietnamese food.

The noodles are typically round and thick, accompanied by tender beef slices, pork sausage, and various fresh herbs. The spicy and flavorful beef broth, cooked with lemongrass, chili oil, and shrimp paste, creates a complex and satisfying taste. Each added component contributes its own unique element, resulting in a harmonious and palate-stimulating blend.

Vietnamese noodle dishes-Bun Bo Hue

Bun Bo Hue – One of the famous Vietnamese noodle dishes loved by many diners

Hue’s noodles are kneaded, molded, and squeezed by hand, so they have a larger shape than other types of vermicelli. If you want good vermicelli, it must be made with rice flour mixed with a little filter flour with a moderate ratio to make the vermicelli wet, delicious, and chewier.

In addition, an indispensable ingredient to create a balance of flavor is raw vegetables. Raw vegetables to serve with beef vermicelli include thinly sliced banana flowers and chopped water spinach. In addition, there are vegetables such as basil, perilla, basil, bean sprouts, and lemon. In particular, when eating Hue beef noodle soup, it is indispensable to have a bit of spicy chili lemongrass satay with a very Hue flavor.


Banh Canh is one of the Vietnamese noodle dishes that feature thick and chewy noodles made from tapioca or rice flour that gives them a unique texture that sets them apart. Banh Canh is often prepared with various ingredients such as shrimp, crab, pork, fish, etc. These ingredients have contributed to the success of creating a dish with a rich flavor of Vietnamese cuisine.

Banh Canh has different regional variations across Vietnam. From the fragrant and slightly sweet Banh Canh Cua – Crab Tapioca Noodle Soup in the South to the heartier Banh Canh Gio Heo – Vietnamese thick noodle soup with pork knuckle in the North, made with pork.

Vietnamese noodle dishes-Banh Canh

Banh Canh – One of the familiar Vietnamese noodle dishes popular in many localities

Crab noodle soup is one of the traditional Vietnamese noodle dishes. Noodles are skillfully made from rice and tapioca. They are characterized by being thick, fragrant, and slightly chewy similar to the famous Japanese udon noodles. These thick and slightly chewy noodles combine with crab meat and rich broth from the care of its creator. These quintessence have crystallized into the specialty of Vietnamese vermicelli in the South.

Banh Canh Gio Heo – A Vietnamese thick noodle soup with pork knuckles is one of the Vietnamese noodle dishes representing the culinary quintessence of the North.  However, it is also modified in flavor to suit the cuisine of each region of the country. Each variation brings a unique twist, symbolizing the regional culinary flavors of this beloved dish. Regardless of the variation, Banh Canh promises a complete and satisfying meal.

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The interference in the cuisine of the ethnic groups has formed the unique culinary art of the Southern region. They are both rustic and liberal with their uniqueness. Hu Tieu is one of the crystallized products from the culinary interference of the Kinh, Cham, and Khmer ethnic groups. Hu Tieu is a combination of Vietnamese flavors with Chinese “cross neck” dishes and Hu Tieu Nam Vang.

Originating from Southern Vietnam, Hu Tieu is a popular dish with many different versions. The three best Hu Tieu that is considered the symbol of Southern noodle soup are Hu Tieu My Tho, Hu Tieu Nam Vang, and Hu Tieu Sa Dec. Whether you prefer Hu Tieu Nam Vang with clear broth and plenty of pork toppings or Hu Tieu My Tho with a rich and flavorful soup base, there is always a Hu Tieu variation to suit every palate.

Vietnamese noodle dishes-Hu Tieu

Hu Tieu – A dish with many variations depending on individual preferences in Vietnamese noodle dishes

This dish typically includes a broth simmered from pork bones, rice noodles, and various accompaniments such as pork, shrimp, squid, and quail eggs. Hu Tieu fiber is also a very important ingredient contributing to one of the famous Vietnamese noodle dishes.

Each variation offers a unique culinary experience, allowing you to customize your bowl of Hu Tieu according to your preferences. If you have the opportunity to visit the Southern region, Hu Tieu is a Vietnamese dish you must try!


Bun Rieu Cua is a rustic dish that appears all over Vietnam. Because it is one of the best Vietnamese noodle dishes, we can see it from small eateries to big eateries everywhere. However, Bun Rieu Cua in each region will have its distinct flavors following the culture of that region.

Bun Rieu is a noodle dish with a distinct flavor, featuring a rich and aromatic tomato broth combined with crab meat. The dish is complemented with various ingredients such as tofu, congealed pig’s blood, pork hock, and fresh vegetables, creating a symphony of flavors. The combination of sweetness, sourness, and saltiness truly pleases diners.

Vietnamese noodle dishes-Bun Rieu Cua

Bun Rieu Cua – A delicious noodle dish that makes many people fall in love at first sight

The highlight of this dish is the crab meat, which imparts its characteristic flavor to the broth, creating a harmonious blend of tastes. The combination of fresh tomatoes, shrimp paste, and crab meat produces a unique and savory broth for this dish. With each spoonful, you’ll experience the rich flavor of the broth, the tender pork, and the delicate taste of crab.

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Banh Da Cua Hai Phong is known as the typical symbolic dish of the portland. This dish has existed for a long time in Hai Phong. Today, Banh Da Cua is not only famous for Vietnamese noodle dishes but also reaches out to the world.

The noodles are made from rice flour, making them chewy and elastic. Carefully selected and fresh crabs are cut into small pieces. Banh Da Cua Hai Phong is usually served with a broth made from pork bones, dried shrimp, dried squid, and fish sauce.

Vietnamese noodle dishes-Banh Da Cua

Banh Da Cua – A popular and typical dish of the city’s cuisine “red phoenix flower”

When enjoying this dish, you’ll savor the rich and sweet flavor of the broth and crab, combined with the delicious and fragrant Banh Da noodles. Banh Da Cua Hai Phong is served in large bowls, often accompanied by fresh vegetables, fresh chili, and a touch of sweet and sour fish sauce, adding an extra layer of uniqueness to the overall flavor.

Those who have ever eaten a bowl of Banh Da Cua Hai Phong will surely find it hard to forget this delicious taste. The attractive colors of copper crab bricks combine with the brown-brown color of rice paper, the green color of scallions, and green onions. They also add the red color of chili and fried onions.

All these ingredients create a rustic dish that is extremely unique in delicious Vietnamese noodle dishes.


Chicken vermicelli – one of the quintessence of Northern cuisine. This is one of the indispensable Vietnamese noodle dishes on the tray of the Northern New Year, they highlight the dining table for the family.

Mien Ga, a gentle and refreshing Vietnamese noodle dish, features transparent glass noodles made from mung beans or arrowroot. The translucent noodles and clear broth are cooked from chicken broth with subtle flavors. Squeezing a bit of lime and sprinkling some pepper enhances the experience of this exquisite noodle dish.

Vietnamese noodle dishes-Mien Ga

Chicken vermicelli – One of the unique Vietnamese noodle dishes with transparent glass noodles

The broth is light yet flavorful, combined with the smooth and tender glass noodles and tender chicken meat, creating a comforting bowl of noodles that warms both the body and soul. Mien Ga is a suitable choice for those seeking a lighter alternative to their meal.

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Banh Hoi is a dish used in festivals, anniversaries, weddings, and worshiping ceremonies at communal houses and pagodas Vietnamese people. Not only that, it is also one of the most popular Vietnamese noodle dishes becoming a culinary culture of every local.

This dish is made from rice flour and filtered water as the main ingredients. But the process of making the dish is very elaborate and meticulous to produce a cake consisting of fine white noodles. They combine together to have a natural, chewy, and attractive flavor.

Vietnamese noodle dishes-Banh Hoi

Banh Hoi – A dish with a special way of eating among the most sophisticated Vietnamese noodle dishes

Banh Hoi showcases the elegance of Vietnamese cuisine with its delicate and high-quality rice noodles. These fine woven strands are typically served with various accompaniments such as grilled meat, roasted pork, fresh herbs, and pickled vegetables. Banh Hoi exemplifies the art of simplicity and balance.

To enjoy Banh Hoi, you can create your own customized rolls by wrapping the fillings inside the thin rice noodle sheets. The texture and flavors when you bite into the combination of tender meat, fragrant herbs, and tangy pickles are truly exquisite. Banh Hoi offers a light and refreshing dining experience if you prefer a meal that is not too elaborate and complex.

Just a piece of white cake with tiny green chives and a rustic flavor. However, Banh Hoi can evoke so much nostalgia in diners among the most unique Vietnamese noodle dishes.


No one knows where Bun Thit Nuong – one of the must-try Vietnamese noodle dishes comes from. Just remember that all over the country this specialty exists. Each place that sells will own the characteristics of each region. In Da Nang, grilled pork vermicelli has a very sophisticated broth, they are made from soy sauce with a delicate taste. But in the South, Bun Thit Nuong is served with sweet fish sauce with pure flavor.

Bun Thit Nuong is a Vietnamese noodle dish that combines elements of salad with the rich flavor of grilled meat. This dish features vermicelli noodles with marinated and grilled pork, fresh herbs, pickled vegetables, and a touch of savory-sweet fish sauce.

Bun Thit Nuong brings an interesting contrast in textures. The tender and charred grilled pork, the crispness of the herbs, and the softness of the noodles create a satisfying bite. The interplay of sweet, salty, and aromatic flavors ensures a complete dining experience for you to enjoy.

Vietnamese noodle dishes-Bun Thit Nuong

Bun Thit Nuong – A rustic Vietnamese dish but full of sophistication

Bun Thit Nuong not only has beautiful colors, but when you eat it, you will feel many flavors at the same time. The specialty is the greasy sweetness of roasted peanuts, the cool and sour taste of vegetables. They combine with the spicy taste of fresh chili and the cool taste of vermicelli and meat. This is one of the Vietnamese noodle dishes that receive many compliments.

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Ranked 13th place in the best Vietnamese noodle dishes is Bun Dau Mam Tom. Bun Dau Mam Tom has become a rustic sidewalk dish that attracts domestic and international tourists. It is also because of this special thing that vermicelli with shrimp paste becomes attractive and is the first suggestion in the list of delicious dishes to try in Hanoi.

This traditional Vietnamese dish consists of fresh rice vermicelli noodles, fried tofu, and shrimp paste. It is served with slices of pork leg, fermented pork roll, crab sausage, and in some places, fried pork intestines. To enhance the taste, diners can personally prepare the shrimp paste according to their preferences by adding shrimp paste, sugar, and fresh chili.

Vietnamese noodle dishes-Bun Dau Mam Tom

Bun Dau Mam Tom – A gift from Hanoi that is loved by everyone at home and abroad

Bun Dau Mam Tom is primarily associated with Northern Vietnam, particularly popular in Hanoi. This dish is not commonly served in restaurants; its unique combination is best known as a street food dish sold by many street vendors from ancient times to the present. The ingredients though simple are considered the quintessence of the capital’s culinary culture.


Bun Mam is a Vietnamese noodle dish originating from the Mekong Delta region of Vietnam. The dish includes small rice noodles, broth, squid, shrimp, fish, eggplant, fish cake, and roasted pork. The highlight of this noodle dish is the broth made by simmering fermented fish and snakehead fish with garlic, scallions, lemongrass, and various other spices to create a rich and flavorful broth.

Some of the key components commonly eaten with Bun Mam are fresh vegetables such as bitter vegetables, bean sprouts, scallions, banana blossoms, water spinach, and morning glory. These fresh and crunchy vegetables provide a refreshing contrast to the rich and savory broth.

Vietnamese noodle dishes-Bun Mam

Bun Mam – One of the unique Vietnamese noodle dishes which represents the culinary culture of the Mekong Delta.

Overall, Bun Mam is a deliciously popular dish throughout Vietnam and beyond. Its unique combination of flavors and textures makes it a definite must-try for anyone who loves Vietnamese cuisine or is looking to explore new and exciting flavors.


Bun Bo Nam Bo offers a fresh, enticing, and nutritious taste. It is a popular and beloved dish in Vietnamese cuisine, particularly in the southern region. This dish is typically made with vermicelli noodles, tender beef, fresh herbs, and sweet and sour fish sauce.

Vietnamese noodle dishes-Bun Bo Nam Bo

Bun Bo Nam Bo – The most popular and attractive dish among Vietnamese noodle dishes

What sets this dish apart is the thinly sliced beef marinated in ingredients such as fish sauce, garlic, onions, sugar, and other spices. The beef is then grilled over charcoal or cooked on a stovetop until it turns golden and aromatic.

To enjoy Bun Bo Nam Bo, we place the noodles in a bowl and top them with grilled beef. We add various raw vegetables and customize the flavor with fish sauce according to our taste. This dish is often accompanied by sweet and sour fish sauce, lime, and fresh chili to enhance the taste.


Bun Thang is one of the delicious Vietnamese noodle dishes that is highly appreciated for its quality and appearance. Bun thang becomes a dish that visitors cannot ignore when coming to the capital land.

Different from Vietnamese vermicelli dishes, Bun Thang is a sophisticated and sophisticated dish, showing the elegant style of Hanoi cuisine. Bun Thang Hanoi has the perfect combination of color, flavor, and taste. This dish is likened to a “five-colored flower” that attracts diners at first sight.

Vietnamese noodle dishes-Bun Thang

Bun thang – The dish that contains the most sophistication and meticulousness among Vietnamese noodle dishes

Bun Thang is a dish that encapsulates the essence of Vietnamese cuisine in terms of colors, aromas, and flavors. It is made with tender golden chicken, thin and soft eggs, and pale pink sausages. Additionally, it features sun-dried brown shrimp floss and golden salted eggs resembling the sun.

This dish is also made with noodles and includes ingredients such as wood ear mushrooms, Vietnamese pork rolls, and fresh herbs. The chicken is boiled and thinly sliced, while the eggs are fried into thin layers and cut into slices.

The broth is simmered from chicken bones mixed with spices to create a rich flavor. When eating this dish, we will be overwhelmed by the layers of flavors. The most elegant, sophisticated, and skillful features of the Hanoi people are gathered in Bun Thang. It is a refreshing, flavorful, and nutritionally rich dish that embodies the cultural and culinary essence of Hanoi and Vietnam.

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Banh Cuon is a famous Vietnamese street food known for its smooth texture and delicious flavor. It is made from rice flour, forming thin, chewy, and silky sheets. The filling typically consists of ground pork, wood ear mushrooms, and green onions.

These soft and smooth Banh Cuon rolls are served with a savory-sweet fish sauce, fresh herbs, and fried shallots. Each bite offers a perfect combination of flavors and deliciousness, making it a favorite dish among locals and tourists alike.

Banh Cuon is a popular and beloved dish in Vietnamese cuisine. With its delicate and flavorful filling wrapped in thin sheets, Banh Cuon is a culinary delight and a specialty. It represents the cultural and culinary essence of Vietnam, serving as an essential part of the country’s culinary repertoire. Besides, the presence of Banh Cuon makes Vietnamese noodle dishes more diverse.

Vietnamese noodle dishes-Banh Cuon

Banh Cuon – A long-standing Vietnamese noodle dish with a mild flavor that makes diners comfortable

Vietnamese noodle dishes bring a multitude of flavors and firm textures that can captivate any food enthusiast. From the internationally renowned Pho to local delights like Cao Lau and Bun Bo Hue, Vietnamese noodles showcase the rich culinary heritage of the country.

In conclusion, by exploring the unique characteristics and cultural significance of each dish, we hope to pique your curiosity and ignite your desire to personally experience these delicious creations. So, embark on your culinary adventure and indulge in the wonders of Vietnamese noodle dishes – an experience you will never forget!

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